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雅思听力,就那么点套路!

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发表:2017-4-20 16:14:51
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雅思听力考试,并非是简单的填空或者选答案,里面陷阱重重,稍有不慎,便有跟丢答案的风险。为了提高考生的解题效率,识破命题人所设计题目背后的陷阱,今天我们就来一个雅思听力考试套路大盘点,希望大家可以新技能get√,在考试中过关斩将,取得理想的成绩!
 
套路1
 
要具备分类提问意识
 
例1:(OG T1 S4 Q33)
 
Early humans couldn't use their pots to store __________________.
 
以本题为例,分类提问意识是如何体现的呢?题目问的是“早期人类不能用他们的罐子来存贮_________”, 那么考生需要留意的是音频中必然不会这么直接的告诉答案,既然问罐子不能存贮什么,那么音频中基本上会先告诉考生的是能用罐子来存贮什么,这就是分类提问。而且笔者平时在练习的时候会有意识的让学生把能存贮的那个(些)名词也写下来,这是一个综合的练习过程。
 
文本解析
 
The early humans also found a practical use (实际用途,做预判,下面要讲能用pots存贮的东西了)for their discoveries, such as storing things like grain(这时笔者暂停录音,要求学生写出grain这个单词)- although there weredrawbacks(n缺点,缺陷,进一步做预判,下面要讲不能存贮的东西了). The pots were porous so that although(笔者这时会进一步暂停录音,提醒学生接下来是一让步句式,让步句式最大的特点在于重心在后)they could carry water(听到carry water的时候考生就要把water填入空格其中了,因为下面必然讲到的是不能存贮water) in them, it wasn't possible tostore itover a long period.
 
引申
 
雅思听力考试高频让步句式汇总:
 
Although A, B
 
Though A, B
 
Despite A, B
 
In spite of A, B
 
While A, B
 
Whereas A, B
 
当然分类提问意识不仅仅可以应用在填空题中,在选择题中也需要具备这种解题意识。
 
例2:(Cam10 T2 S2 Q14)
 
What decisionhasnot yet been madeaboutthe pool?
 
A. whose statue will be at the door
 
B. the exact opening hours
 
C. who will open it
 
这道题目问的是关于游泳池哪个决定还没有做出,那么考生看完题目完需要提醒自己的是,在音频中不太可能直接说没有做出的决定,根据分类提问的解题意识,会先提到的是已经做出的决定,这就意味是本题中最先被提及的选项基本上是不选的。
 
文本解析
 
We hope that as many people as possible will be there on June 15th(时间确定, B选项排除). We have engaged award-winning actressCoral White to declare the pool open (宣布开业的人选敲定排除C)and there will be drinks and snacks available at the pool side. There'll also (将要去做)be a competition forthe public to decide on the sculpture we plan to have at the entrance. (公众来决定门口的雕塑,答案选A)
 
例3:(Cam 10 T4 S3 Q23/24)
 
Which two immediate benefits did the company getfrom Laura's work placement?
 
A. updates for its software
 
B. cost savings
 
C. an improved image
 
D. new clients
 
E. a growth in sales
 
本题问的是Laura's实习工作给公司带来了哪两个立竿见影的好处(immediate benefits), 考生们在审题的时候需要特别注意immediate benefits这个表述,根据分类提问的解题意识,有立竿见影的好处,就会有日后会带来的好处用来干扰。在本题中要特别留意in the long run, over the long haul 这两个在雅思听力里面表示“从长远来看”的表达,后面跟的内容对于本题而言是用来做干扰的。
 
文本解析
 
Tim: So in the long run it should help them to attract clients, andimprove their sales figures?
 
Laura: That's the idea.
 
对应的D和E选项都需要排除掉。
 
套路2
 
选择题选项区间错位,
 
和题目不在同一区间上
 
例1:(cam10 T4 S2 Q12 Manham Port)
 
What causedManham'ssudden expansion during the Industrial Revolution?
 
A. the improvement in mining techniques
 
B. the increase in demand for metals
 
C. the discovery of tinin the area
 
文本解析
 
A small port established here when , about 900 years ago, tin was discovered nearby,(对应的C选项,需要排除,因为本题的定位词the Industrial Revolution还没有出现, 那么C选项就属于典型的和题目不在同一区间了) though it wasn't untilthe Industrial Revolution, when a tremendous need for metals of all kinds developed, that Manham expanded to become one of the busiest ports in the country.
 
例2:(Cam7 T2 S3 Q21)
 
The Antarctic Centerwas establishedin Christ churchbecause ...
 
A. New Zealand is a member of the Antarctic Treaty
 
B. Christchurch is geographically positioned
 
C. the climate of Christchurch is suitable
 
文本解析
 
Interviewer: we're pleased to welcome Dr Martin Merrywhether of the Antarctic Center in Christchurch, New Zealand who has come along to talk to us today about the role of the center and the Antarctic Treaty.(Antarctic Treaty对应的A选项要被先排除掉了,因为这个表述是在 question about the choice of location for the center之前出现的,同样的选项和题目不在同一区间)
 
Interviewer: Now my first question is about the choice of location for the center. Why Christchurch? Was it because of the climate(对应C选项,这个选项基本要被排除了,因为在雅思听力里面通常有的套路是答案要由本人或者当事人给出,本篇对话的当事人是Dr Martin Merrywhether , 采访人猜测是因为气候原因,这个猜测基本上在下面会被否定掉)
 
套路3
 
答案通常由本人或当事人给出
 
这个套路适用的是雅思听力考试的section 1和section 3, 这两个部分都属于对话的形式。在考诸如某一事情的原因的时候,非当事人的一方通常会对事情的原因进行猜测,而非当事人猜测的原因通常是错误的,往往会被当事人给以否定,然后答案通常由当事人给出。
 
例:
 
The Director of Studies is concerned about ...
 
A. the cost of upgrading the center
 
B. the lack of space in the center
 
C. the difficulty in supervising the center
 
文本解析
 
STUDENT: If we could improve the resources and facilities, I think it would be fine. Is the cost going to be a problem? (对应C选项,听到时提醒自己C 基本上无望做答案了)
 
DIRECTOR OF STUDIES: it's not so much the expense that I’m worried about (听到not--expense时进一步确认C不选),and we certainly got room(有空间, B选项的lack of space和文本表述有冲突,到这里已经可以选A作答案了)to do it, but it's the problem oftimetablinga teacher to be in there outside class hours.
 
引申
 
笔者上课在练习这道题的时候,很多学生对timetabling充满困惑,因为只知道timetable是n时间表。其实timetable还可以作动词v计划;安排的意思。雅思作为一项本质是语言能力测试的考试,对于词汇本身的考察还是很灵活的,不仅会出现以timetable这样的词性活用的例子,还会出现同一单词在听力和阅读中考察意思侧重点不一样的情况。
 
套路4
 
填空题中化解定语从句
 
例1:(Cam11 T2 Q8)
 
On Youth Council, wants to work with young people who are _______________.
 
对于本题而言,考生需要注意的是在音频中几乎不可能听到who are______这个机构,因为本题需要填的词是用来修饰young people 的,所以在音频中会直接用一个词去修饰young people, 而不会保留题目中的定语从句。
 
文本解析
 
Well, my sister is blind, so I'm particularly interested in working with disabled young people(答案需填disabled), to try and improve the quality of their lives.
 
例2:(Cam9 T2 Q8)
 
To be with other students who are _____________.
 
同样的出题形式, 也是同样的套路, 在音频中几乎不可能听到who are______这个机构
 
文本解析
 
Well, the first thing is I'd prefer a hall where there are other mature students. (答案需填mature)
 
凡事要是想要做好都是需要一番坚持的,雅思备考也不例外,可能很多考生在备考中遇到“瓶颈期”,无论怎么努力成绩都不提高了,那种绝望感尽管会使人很压抑,但是希望大家可以坚持住,认真去反思下去总结下,和其他考生讨论下,和老师讨论下,或许会出现“柳暗花明又一村”的转机。